Wangyeh" and "passing over the fire"
are held on the seashore on the first day,
||Donglong Temple, No.
21-1, Donglong St., Donggang, Pingtung
1. Siaogang Airport →Pingtung Bus,Kaohisung
Bus,Jhongnan Bus →Donggang
2. Pingtung Airport →Pingtung Bus →Donggang
1. Kaohsiung Railway Station →Pingtung
Bus,Kaohisung Bus,Jhongnan Bus,Kuo-Kuang
2. Linbian Railway Station →Pingtung
Bus,Jhongnan Bus,Kuo-Kuang Bus →Donggang
The Donglong temple was established in the 45th
ruling year of Emperor Kangsi of Ching Dynasty (1706).
It is said that a divine tree with the mark of "Donggang
Wen's" was found on the seashore of Donggang,
showing Wen Wangyeh
's intention to stay in Taiwan,
so the Donglong temple was built for him. The Donggang
King Boat Ceremony is organized by Donglong temple
every three years when it comes to the 2nd, 5th
8th and 11th year of the Chinese 12-year cycle.
Wangyeh's originally name was
Wen Hong, who was born in Shantung Province in
Sui Dynasty in the seventh century. He once saved
the life of Emperor Tangtaizong of Tang Dynasty
and was rewarded with the post of scholar, an
academic honor together with other 35 people who
also involved in the rescue of the Emperor, known
as 36 scholars. Unfortunately, Wen Hong and other
35 scholars all died in an accident on the sea
during a patrolling trip around the country. Tangtaizong
believed that he became a god in the celestial
world and honored him with the name "Dai
Tien Hsun Shou" (representing the emperor
to visit or patrol around the country), and a
boat in his honor "the boat of Wen Wangyeh"
was built to worship him whenever the boat arrived.
People believed that when Wangyeh came, he could
drive away the pestilence for them.
The ceremony of burning the king boat is a well-known
activity along the southwest coast of Taiwan and
has been one of the most famous temple fairs in
Taiwan. The burning of king boat means originally
dispelling of diseases or evil spirits but has
become now an activity of praying for healthy
and peaceful life. However, the strong image of
the god of pestilence in this ritual still gives
the ceremony a solemn and mysterious look.
The king boat built by Donggang's
people follows ancient techniques. It takes a
long period for the construction, which usually
starts two years before the ceremony. Wood materials
with high quality are selected. The complex structure
of the boat, meticulous carving, colorful painting,
and elaborate decorations are mostly designed
and constructed based on ancient traditions. The
artistic construction and the great efforts being
devoted from all the residents bring Donggang
the honor of "the Home Town of King Boat".
The Ceremony of Donggang King
Boat is the largest one in Taiwan. The ceremony
lasts for 7 days. It begins with the rituals of
"Welcoming Wangyeh" and "passing
over the fire" held on the seashore on the
first day, a four-day procession trip of Wangyeh
around Donggang and neighboring towns is taken
place starting from the second day, a boat touring
procession is held on the sixth day, and on the
seventh day, the ceremony of sending off Wangyeh
is held and the king boat is burned as a symbolization
of driving away diseases and evil spirits.